Wisdom teeth or Third Molars, are the last teeth to develop in the mouth. Most people have four wisdom teeth, two in the upper jaw and two in the lower jaw. These teeth are commonly called wisdom teeth because they usually come through in our late teens or early twenties, known as the ‘age of wisdom’.
If Wisdom Teeth fit comfortably with the rest of your teeth, they can stay and act like others molars for chewing food.
A wisdom tooth can become impacted when it is obstructed from fully coming into the mouth by the tooth in front, by the surrounding bone or because of the position that it has developed in.
Problems caused by impact wisdsom teeth
Wisdom teeth that don’t come through the gum fully are breeding grounds for bacteria and may cause tooth decay. Trapped food or plaque can also cause infection of the overlying gum. This can result in Pain and Swelling and can often affect the neighbouring teeth.
Less Frequently, serious problems can arise, such as the formation of cysts or tumours around an impacted tooth, leading to destruction of the surrounding jawbone and neighbouring teeth. These conditions may require complex and extensive treatment. As problems can sometimes develop silently without your knowledge, at TwentyOneDental we recommend Routine Dental Examinations to evaluate problems before they occur.
Your initial visit to us would include a thorough Dental Examination of your mouth. and Wisdom Teeth. We take X-rays to determine the position of the wisdom teeth, their condition and the status of the adjacent teeth and bone.
Due to the problems associated with impacted Wisdom Teeth, it is often advisable to remove them early. The best time to remove them would be during the teenage years, before the roots of the teeth are fully formed and firmly embedded in the jawbone. Healing is also better during this period, with fewer complications, although they can be removed at any age.
Depending on how impacted your tooth is, this can be a simple extraction like any other tooth, or a minor surgical procedure that can usually be performed with little discomfort. The procedure can be performed under local anaesthesia at our Clinic or for more complex cases, general anaesthesia in Hospital. We will advise you on the type most appropriate for your needs.