Causes of Enamel Erosion

What is Enamel Erosion?

Enamel erosion, also sometimes known as dental erosion, is the loss of tooth enamel, the hard outer surface of your teeth. Its main job is to protect the dentin layer, the interior of the tooth. Enamel is the hardest material in the human body, even harder than bone, but it can be worn down by things like acidic foods, acid reflux and brushing too hard. Over time enamel erosion causes countless problems so it’s best to get it checked by a dentist early on. So, what causes enamel erosion?

Acid Reflux and Your Tooth Enamel

Acid reflux, or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), can damage tooth enamel and causes enamel erosion. If you suffer from acid reflux, strong acids that normally remain in your stomach can move up into the mouth and attack tooth enamel.
A doctor should investigate the problem and get the GERD condition under control first. Teeth can be restored and protected with veneers or tooth bonding. Dental crowns can be used to restore a badly damaged tooth.
Cosmetic dentistry can help your smile when it’s been affected by acid reflux.

Brushing Teeth too Hard and Enamel Erosion

Another one of the causes of enamel erosion is brushing teeth too hard. This protective layer can be eroded through aggressive brushing, leading to tooth sensitivity. Brushing too hard can lead to cavities and gum recession which will need to be addressed by a dentist. Brushing too hard can leave your teeth more vulnerable to the bacteria and acid that cause cavities. Gentle brushing tends to be more effective than harsh brushing and can help build a foundation for a healthy smile. Also, using a toothbrush with soft bristles will remove plaque when brushing but help protect your enamel.

Can a Toothpaste Protect Teeth from Enamel Erosion?

Do not rely on toothpaste alone to prevent enamel erosion. While fluoride in toothpaste provides an important function, toothpaste alone cannot prevent enamel erosion and tooth sensitivity. Dental erosion is multifactorial. It has to do with brushing, and above all, with diet. Researchers recommend regular dental check-ups and treatment by a dentist.

We look forward to welcoming you into our friendly clinic
book online


We are situated to the West of Hove Museum (on the corner of New Church Road and Pembroke Gardens) TwentyOneDental, A Digitally Advanced Dental, Implant & Specialist Referral Centre, 21 New Church Road Brighton & Hove BN3 4AD.


01273 202 102





Opening Hours

8:00am - 7:00pm
8:00am - 5:00pm
8:00am - 5:00pm
8:00am - 5:00pm
8:00am - 3:00pm
By appointment only
Please note: We are open to patients arriving from 8am but our telephone lines are not open until 8.15am